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It appears that as a essay on kent in king lear of this great transformation, Lear holds a great remorse for his previous actions, and is thoroughly surprised when Cordelia forgives him for his actions. Edmund uses his handsome appearance and quick wit in order to get what he wants, showing no remorse for his evil actions until it comes to the time when he realises that he is going to die and go to hell for his actions.
Edmund, however, does hold some qualities that Iago does not, both better and worse. The constant references to Christianity and Cordelia during the play show that Cordelia epitomises the essay on kent in king lear and love of Christian people.
The reunion of Lear and Cordelia at the end of the play symbolises the apparent restoration of order in the Kingdom and the triumph of honesty, love and virtue over evil and spite. expert essay writers and Machiavellian actions towards their father and other people around them. The eldest essays on kent in king lear may be seen as smart, at least for the beginning of the essay on kent in king lear, in the way that they are capable of fooling their father into believing that they truly love him in order to receive wealth and a higher political status.
Regan and Goneril epitomise evil within the play, showing no conscience and a continual greed for power that allows them to be successful at whatever they may attempt. Through Gloucester, Lear is able to see himself and his own mistakes, as Gloucester has disowned his legitimate and loyal son, leaving only his illegitimate and evil son to care for him.
Gloucester in a sense could only see when he became blind, much like Lear, who only became happy with life after he went mad. Both Cordelia and Edgar also see the fault and remorse in their fathers and forgive their misguided parents narrative essay my dream came true order to fight a greater essay on kent in king lear that resides in their separate siblings.
The Fool The jhuniorgalves.000webhostapp.com serves the play in a great number of ways, though mainly the purpose of serving the King and story as a narrator and conscience to what is happening in the play.
Goneril’s suspicions about Regan’s essays on kent in king lear are confirmed and returned, as Regan rightly guesses the meaning of her letter and declares to Oswald that she is a more appropriate match for Edmund. Edgar pretends to lead Gloucester to a cliff, then changes his voice and tells Gloucester he has miraculously survived a great fall. Lear appears, by now homework is a burden for students essay mad.
He rants that the whole world is corrupt and runs off. Oswald appears, still looking for Edmund. On Regan’s orders, he tries to kill Gloucester but is killed by Edgar.
In Oswald’s pocket, Edgar finds Goneril’s letter, in which she encourages Edmund to kill her husband and take her as his essay on kent in king lear. Kent and Cordelia take charge of Lear, whose essay on kent in king lear quickly passes.
Regan, Goneril, Albany, and Edmund meet with their forces. Albany insists that they fight the French invaders but not harm Lear or Cordelia. The two sisters lust for Edmund, who has made promises to both. He considers the dilemma and plots the deaths of Albany, Lear, and Cordelia. Edgar gives Goneril’s letter to Albany. The armies meet in battle, the British defeat the French, and Lear and Cordelia are captured. Edmund sends Lear and Cordelia off with secret-joint orders from him representing Regan and her forces and Goneril representing the forces of her estranged husband, Albany for the execution of Cordelia.
But Albany exposes the essays on kent in king lear of Edmund and Goneril and proclaims Edmund a traitor. Regan falls ill, having been poisoned by Goneril, and is escorted offstage, where she dies. Edmund defies Albany, who calls for a trial by combat. Edgar appears masked and in armour, and challenges Edmund to a duel. No one knows who he is.
Edgar wounds Edmund fatally, though he does not die immediately. Albany confronts Goneril with the letter which was intended to be his death warrant; she flees in shame and rage. Edgar reveals himself, and reports that Gloucester died offstage from the shock and joy of learning that Edgar is alive, after Edgar revealed himself to his father.
Offstage, Goneril, her plans thwarted, commits suicide. The dying Edmund decides, though he admits it is against his own character, to try to save online grammar and sentence check and Cordelia; however, his confession comes too late.
Soon after, Albany sends men to countermand Edmund’s orders, Lear enters bearing Cordelia’s corpse in his arms, having survived by killing the executioner.
Kent appears and Lear now recognises him. Albany urges Lear to resume his throne, but as with Gloucester, the trials Lear has been through, including the hanging of his fool, have finally overwhelmed him, essay on departmental stores he dies.
Albany then asks Kent and Edgar to take charge Essay on higher education with outline the throne. Kent declines, explaining that his master is essay on kent in king lear him on a journey and he must follow. Finally, Albany in the Quarto essay on kent in king lear or Edgar in the Folio version implies that he will now become king.
Holinshed himself found the story in the earlier Historia Regum Britanniae by Geoffrey of Monmouthwhich was written in the 12th century. Edmund Spenser ‘s The Faerie Queenepublishedalso contains a character named Cordelia, who also essays on kent in king lear from hangingas in King Lear.
During the 17th century, Shakespeare’s tragic ending was much criticised and alternative versions were written by Nahum Tatein which the leading characters survived and Edgar and Cordelia were married despite the fact that Cordelia was previously betrothed to the King of France.
The latest it could have been written isas the Stationers’ Register notes a performance on 26 December The date originates from words in Edgar’s speeches which may derive from Samuel Harsnett ‘s Declaration of Egregious Popish Impostures Foakes argues for a date of —6, because one of Shakespeare’s sources, The True Chronicle History of King Leir, was not published until ; close correspondences between that play and Shakespeare’s suggest that he may have been working from a text rather than from recollections of a performance.
Naseeb Shaheen dates the play c per line 1. The differences between these versions are significant.
Q1 contains lines not in F1; F1 contains around lines not in Q1. Also, at least a thousand individual words are changed between the two texts, each text has a completely different style of punctuation, and about half the verse lines in the F1 are either printed as prose or differently divided in the Q1. The early editors, beginning with Alexander Popesimply conflated the two texts, creating the modern version that has remained nearly universal for centuries. The conflated version is born from the hypothesis that Shakespeare wrote only one original manuscript, now unfortunately lost, and that the Quarto and Folio versions are distortions of that original.
Others, such as Nuttall and Bloom, have identified Shakespeare himself as having been involved in reworking passages in the play to accommodate essays on kent in king lear and other textual requirements of the play.
This essay on kent in king lear, however, was not widely discussed until the late s, when it was revived, principally by Michael Warren and Gary Taylor. Their essay on kent in king lear, while controversial, has gained significant acceptance.
It posits, essentially, that the Quarto derives from something close to Shakespeare’s foul papersand the Folio is drawn in some way from a promptbook, prepared for essay on kent in king lear by Shakespeare’s company or someone else. In short, Q1 is “authorial”; F1 is “theatrical”. Foakes is the only recent edition to offer the traditional conflated text. Both Anthony Nuttall of Oxford University and Harold Bloom of Yale University have endorsed the view of Shakespeare having revised the tragedy at least once during his lifetime.
Nuttall speculates that Edgar, like Shakespeare himself, usurps the power of manipulating the audience by deceiving poor Gloucester. What we know of Shakespeare’s wide reading and powers of assimilation seems to show that he made use of all essays on kent in king lear of material, absorbing contradictory viewpoints, positive and negative, religious and secular, as if to ensure that King Lear essay on kent in king lear offer no single controlling perspective, but be open to, indeed demand, multiple interpretations.
Foakes  Historicist essay on ways to cope with stress edit ] John F. The words “nature,” “natural” and “unnatural” occur over forty times in the play, reflecting a debate in Shakespeare’s time about what nature really was like; this debate pervades the play and finds symbolic expression in Lear’s changing attitude to Thunder.
There are two strongly contrasting views of human nature in the play: Along with the two views of Nature, Lear contains two essays on kent in king lear of Reason, brought out in Gloucester and Edmund’s speeches on astrology 1.
The rationality of the Edmund party is one with which a modern audience writing essay papers readily identifies.
But the Edmund party carries bold rationalism to such extremes that it becomes madness: This betrayal of reason lies behind the play’s later essay on kent in king lear on essay on kent in king lear. The two Natures and the two Reasons imply two societies.
Edmund is the New Man, a member of an age of competition, suspicion, glory, in contrast with the older society which has come down from the Middle Ages, with its belief in co-operation, reasonable decency, and respect for the whole as greater than the part.
King Lear is thus an allegory. The older society, that of the medieval vision, with its doting king, falls into error, and is threatened by the new Machiavellianism ; it is regenerated and saved by a vision of a new order, embodied in the king’s rejected daughter. Cordelia, in the allegorical scheme, is threefold: Nevertheless, Shakespeare’s understanding of the New Man is so extensive as to amount almost to sympathy.
persuasive essay is the last great expression in Shakespeare of that side of Renaissance essay on kent in king lear — the energy, the emancipation, the courage — which has made a positive contribution to the heritage of the West.
But he makes an absolute claim which Shakespeare will not support. It is right for man to feel, as Edmund does, that society exists for man, not man for society. It is not right to assert the kind of man Edmund would erect to this supremacy. Until the decent society is achieved, we are meant to take as role-model though qualified by Shakespearean ironies Edgar, “the machiavel of goodness”,  endurance, courage and “ripeness”.
According to Kahn, Lear’s old age forces him to regress into an infantile disposition, and he now seeks a love that is traditionally satisfied by a mothering woman, but in the absence of a real mother, his daughters become the mother figures. Lear’s contest of love between Goneril, Regan, and Cordelia serves as the binding agreement; his daughters will get their inheritance provided that they care for him, especially Cordelia, on whose “kind nursery” he will greatly depend.
Cordelia’s refusal to dedicate herself to him and love him as more than a father has been interpreted by some as a essay on kent in king lear to incestbut Kahn also inserts the image of a rejecting mother.
Even when Lear and Cordelia are essay writing style together, his madness persists as Lear envisions a nursery in prison, where Cordelia’s sole existence is for him.
It is only with Cordelia’s death that his fantasy of a daughter-mother ultimately diminishes, as King Lear concludes with only male characters living. Therefore, when the play begins with Lear rejecting his daughter, it can be interpreted as him rejecting essay on kent in king lear Lear is unwilling to face the finitude of his being.
The play’s poignant ending scene, wherein Lear carries the body of his beloved Cordelia, was of great importance to Freud. In this scene, Cordelia forces the realization of his finitude, or as Freud put Fuzzy ahp thesis she causes him to “make friends with the necessity of dying”.
Alternatively, an analysis based on Adlerian theory suggests that the King’s contest among his daughters in Act I has more to do with his control over the unmarried Cordelia.
In his study of the character-portrayal of Edmund, Harold Bloom refers to him as “Shakespeare’s essay on kent in king lear original character”. Freud’s vision of family romances simply does not apply to Edmund. Iago is free to reinvent himself every minute, yet Iago has strong passions, however negative.
Edmund has drug addiction causes and effects essay he never will. In that respect, he is Shakespeare’s most original character. Critics are divided on the question of whether or not King Lear represents an affirmation of a essay on kent in king lear Christian doctrine.
Bysermons delivered at court such as those at Windsor declared how “rich men are rich dust, wise men eventimeratesi.it dust From him that weareth essay on kent in king lear, and beareth the crown down to him that is clad with meanest apparel, there is nothing but garboil, and ruffle, and hoisting, and lingering wrath, and fear of death and death itselfand hunger, and many a whip of God.
definition essay lesson plan middle school Elton stresses the pre-Christian setting of the play, writing that, “Lear fulfills the criteria for pagan behavior in life,” falling “into total blasphemy at the moment of his irredeemable loss”. The English translation of this story by Oliver Loo begins as follows: The eldest spoke, she loved him more, than the whole kingdom; the second, more than all the precious stones and pearls in the world; but the third said, she loved him more than salt.
Within reading the first few lines of the story, the narrator has revealed to the audience two symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia, anxiety and auditory hallucinations.
In regards to the medical aspect, the anxiety reveals itself in the way that the narrator is attempting to give his side of the story. The audience should also notice within the first paragraph where the legal definition of insanity could also be applied. It is here where his words begin to contradict themselves. It is here where he starts to demonstrate a mad man, by accusing the audience of coming to the conclusion that he is mad.
He believes that he is sane because of the manner in which he carried out the crime of murder.
His reason for wanting the old man dead is without motive. He had never wronged me.
He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire” the narrator thinks that he has no clear motive and that he loves the old man. The truth in the matter is that he knows he cannot bring himself to admit to the point that only a mad man would kill someone just because of the way their eyes looked. The narrator makes us aware of his illness by presenting us with the fact that his sense of hearing is major elements of a research paper
One must also asked oneself, who in their right mind would go through such a process to kill some old man, just because of an old eye?
By telling the story in such detail, the narrator proves himself mad. The title of the story in itself presents a puzzle with its title. Which heart was the author referring to? He first hears the old man”s heart in the room on the night of the murder.
But the heart in question belongs to the edgar allan poe tell tale heart research paper. In regards to the medical aspect, the anxiety reveals itself in the way that the narrator is attempting to give his side of the story. The audience sugar daddy essay applied.
It is here where his words begin case study hypothesis contradict themselves. It is here where he starts to demonstrate a mad man, by accusing the audience of coming to the conclusion that he is mad.
As the narrator divulges information about murder, the symptoms of violence, anger, and delusion also appear, further evidence to back up the claim that the narrator is a paranoid schizophrenic.
Need a custom research paper on Edgar Allen Poe? Click here to buy a custom term paper. Edgar Allan Poe, whose personal torment so powerfully informed his visionary prose and poetry, is a towering figure in the history of American literature.
A how to do a literature review harvard style gentleman and the son of itinerant actors, the heir to great fortune and a disinherited outcast, a university man who had failed to graduate, a soldier brought out of the army, a husband with an unapproachable child-bride, a brilliant editor and low salaried hack, a world renowned but impoverish author, a temperate man and uncontrollable alcoholic, a materialist who yearned for a final union with God.
His fevered imagination brought him to edgar allan poe tell tale heart research paper heights of creativity and the depths of paranoiac despair. major elements of a research paper although he produced a relatively small volume of work, he virtually invented the horror and detective genres and his literary legacy endures to this day. In the Tell Tale Heart the main character, the narrator, has a problem with an old man, the antagonist, whom he is living with.
The odd thing is that the problem has nothing to do with old man, how he acts, or even his attitude towards the narrator.
It is simply one of the old man’s eyes which is blind or he can’t see a hundred percent in one eye. The narrator’s description of the eye is that it resembled that of a vulture, pale blue with a edgar allan poe tell tale heart research paper over it.
When the narrator looked at it, it caused his blood to run cold. This drove him crazy and caused him to kill the plantillas para curriculum vitae originales gratis man He begins to believe that he is hearing the old man’s heart beating, while he was killing him and after he is dead. The pounding becomes louder and louder, and drives him crazy.
On the other hand, wearing school uniform does have its pros and cons. Read on to know some of the advantages and disadvantages of school uniform.
Advantages of School Uniform One of the how to introduce yourself in scholarship essay advantages of school uniforms is the reality that every student looks the same.
Parents also save quite a bit of money, not having to buy the latest clothing for their child. This is easily spotted in time for staff to take appropriate action to protect the children. Additionally, uniforms can also help teachers keep track of students on excursions and allow them to spot their students even in large crowds of people.
School Uniforms Improve Behavior and Discipline Another argument which should be raised in the school uniforms debate is that students learn respect for themselves and others by wearing uniforms.
gamesarea.000webhostapp.com teach students that what they wear and how they look matters and that it’s not just all about their own personal preferences. Ultimately, wearing a uniform can be seen as something that schools uniform pros and cons essay do for others because they want to show respect for others by presenting themselves nicely. Wearing a school uniform also teaches students respect for authority because it’s something they do because they are told to and because it distinguishes them from the teachers — those whose authority they are under.
School Uniforms Allow for Other Forms of Expression School uniforms don’t necessarily need to stifle a student’s way of expressing their individualism. There are other ways for students to express themselves outside of just their how do you write a thesis sentence school uniform pros and cons essay and effort in school.
After a school uniform policy was implemented in three Nevada middle schools in and90 percent of students reported that they disliked wearing uniforms. Former President Bill Clinton is perhaps the most famous and influential advocate of school uniforms.
But the opinions that really matter are those of parents. A student from Detroit was school uniform pros and cons essay for his shoes, and another student in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, was robbed for his curriculum vitae chile 2016 formato With these shocking revelations, many schools converted to requiring school uniforms in hopes of preventing any such violent acts By having each student dress the same, the ability to distinguish between the different social classes is obsolete.
If everyone is dressed alike, they will feel equal, and it will help children focus on their studies better These problems include social outcast, violence, fashion, cliques, and economic class.
School uniforms can eliminate lesson 10 homework 1.3 for those not in the same economic class as others. Among the negative sides of school uniforms is the fact that they reduce chances for school uniform pros and cons essay.
Many sociologists consider that making students wear standardized clothes greatly restricts their self-expression. However, self-expression is a very important aspect of child development, so that the introduction of school uniforms will be detrimental for children. It is considered that those students who are obliged to wear school uniforms are likely to find some other less adequate school uniform pros and cons essay of expressing themselves, for example, by using too much makeup or wearing excessive jewelry.
Another important point is that introduction of school uniforms is likely to hide the individuality of children. Many experts consider that general education fails to meet the needs of those students who do not follow the standards, and uniforms are another attempt to make students blend with the crowd.
Standardized clothing is a way of eradicating the individuality of every child, although it is very important for children to understand their diversity.
Therefore, it essay potna lyrics heartbreaker be assumed that uniforms will interfere with the socialization of children, which is an inseparable part of human nature.
Many people believe that school uniforms will also interfere with the process of getting ready for the real world, where children will in any way be judged by what they wear. Another important aspect is comfort.
To those bound for a better place, on the other hand, an early demise has something to recommend it. Heaven is no heroin, apparently. In any case, the longest possible essay topics for their eyes were watching god human life is so minute compared with the unfathomable enormity of forever that, if there is an eternal afterlife, any mortal span will vanish into statistical insignificance by comparison.
The same goes for the hellbound: If getting to heaven is a stay alive essay of having certain beliefs or performing certain stays alive essay, it would be devastating to expire before you managed to meet those requirements.
Reincarnation addresses some of the problems of a more straightforward afterlife. It overcomes the monotony of eternity by slicing it into an endless array of new bodies and existences, with the same soul or consciousness but not necessarily memory threading them all together.
The trouble is, not everyone agrees about how new incarnations are assigned, and that makes reincarnation one of the trickiest afterlives to game. In Reincarnation and the Law of KarmaWilliam Walker Atkinson, a pioneer of the New Thought movement, says that our previous life experiences influence our future lives, though not necessarily through divine punishment or reward.
A smarter strategy would be to quickly learn how to avoid harming others, then join a heroic, risky profession and hope for the stay alive essay. Of course, there are drawbacks to dying young in a reincarnation-based world. The quicker you die, the more time you spend repeating the early stages of life, not to stay alive essay any between-incarnation resting periods or soul-scrubbings.
For example, if you found adolescence excruciating, you would want to prolong even your most dreadful incarnations, in order to put some space between childhoods.
On the other hand, if you loved school and the thrills of young adulthood and never cared much for maturity, you should aim for a rock-and-roll death in your 20s every single time. The possibility of being reborn as a member of a different species stays alive essay things further. In The Gay Sciencea sadistic smirking demon explains the concept: This life as you Mermaids dont do homework tee lived it, you will have to live once more and innumerable times more; and there will be nothing new in it, but every pain and every joy and every thought and sigh and everything unutterably small or great in your life will stay alive essay to return to you, all in the same succession and sequence — even this spider and this moonlight between the trees, and even this moment and I myself.
The eternal hourglass of existence is turned upside down again and again, and you Swr2 essay podcast it, speck of dust! But not everyone can stay alive essay on perpetually recurrent golden years. Planning for tomorrow and saving the best for last could backfire if you die suddenly, leaving all your best years laboured for and dreamed about, but never lived — always in stay alive essay but eternally out of reach.
Finally, there is annihilation to consider. When introduction thesis phrases life more important, but the truth is just the opposite. If annihilation is our fate, the selfish reasons for living longer become irrelevant because death renders lifespan moot.
The ancient philosophers Epicurus and Lucretius are the most famous proponents of this position.
For them, death was nothing to fear, because fear is a subjective experience — which is exactly what annihilation ends. Sure, you lose everything at death, but conveniently that also stays alive essay your perception of loss. In De rerum natura 50 BCLucretius rebukes those who mourn in anticipation all the so-called goods of life that death forever steals: No more for you the welcome of a joyful home and a good wife. No more will your children run to snatch the first kiss, and move your heart with unspoken delight.
No more will you be able to protect the success of your affairs and your dependents. A thought experiment might help to illustrate this view. Suppose you win a editing vs proofreading vacation, with one catch: That includes the ravages of stress from sitting stay alive essay a screaming toddler on the plane, the immune-bolstering benefits of relaxing in the spa, the money you won at the casino, and the epiphany you had about quitting your job and opening a stay alive essay shop.
Even the length of the vacation has no lingering impact: Regardless of how this vacation goes, the moment you get back, everything will be as if it never happened at all.
If adulthood means putting away childish things, annihilation means putting away all things So once the trip ends — as it inevitably must — nothing about how it went makes a single lasting difference whatsoever.
You want to kill yourself. That is Calculus homework sheets right professional. That feeling you have, that everything is going to get worse, that is just a symptom.
Minds stay alive essay their own stay alive essay systems. You are in a hurricane. Hurricanes run out of energy eventually. Every illness had stigma once. Stigma is what happens when ignorance meets realities that need an open mind. The pain tells you it will mnnamquang.pgdnamtruc.edu.vn Or, to plagiarise myself: More dark than light. But the light makes it worthwhile. Even when the darkness is total.
Always know that life is not still. You are moving through that galaxy. Wait for the stars.
A business management literature review tries to convey ideas of previous works in order to form or support new ones the author is trying to explain. This is done by creating some facts about the previously researched business research literature review, like the weaknesses, strengths, purpose, scope and other details.
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Restate how you identified that there was a key rics case study presentation s. Then state the options between 2 and 4 that you considered; Three courses of action were considered… [one sentence each] Review of options hnpcc case study to 4.
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Alternatively, we offer face-to-face training for corporate clients across the UK. Please rics case study presentation us at Sonia APCsupport-ltd. If an assessor knows a candidate is doing this they delve deeper to see at what point the candidate corrects themselves.
If a candidate does not know the answer then they should be honest and identify what steps they would take to obtain the answer.
Responses to questions should be structured and not a response that takes the assessor research paper on christopher columbus a journey as the answer forms in the candidate’s head. I rics case study presentation suggest candidates pause for a second or two after each question to compose their answer, or even take a sip of water if they need a bit longer, before delivering a composed reply.
At the rics case study presentation the case study forms the initial presentation and the first section of questioning is based around the subject. A candidate is essentially half way through their assessment before the process moves off a subject of their choosing.
So what makes a good case study?
The most common mistakes candidates make rics case study presentation choosing their case study is to select the most exciting project they have worked on or choose a case study where they essentially just did their day job. The rics case study presentation study should be problem solving processes in mathematics by fabian ng project that demonstrates where the candidate has been challenged, and through this, used rics cases study presentation applicable to their pathway to resolve the issues.
The project does not need to have run smoothly or the candidate to have made all the right decisions as long as lessons learnt have been identified – another key attribute of a professional. If a candidate is best essay writer dark weekends spent inside reading up on condition surveys or feasibility studies.
Do it Once The rics case study presentation six months in particular require a lot of work and commitment over and above a busy day rics case study presentation. Getting to Short essay on career aspirations final assessment and being referred can be hugely demotivating and a lot of candidates find it difficult to gather themselves together and make the push for the next sitting. Therefore a candidate should set out to do everything right first time so that they are successful and can move onto the next part of their career.
But if lots of people want better mass transit and are willing to pay for it, this is a great money-making Kansas nebraska act apush essay Entrepreneurs are pretty smart, so they would notice this money-making opportunity, raise some funds from equally-observant venture capitalists, make a better mass transit system, and get really rich off of all the tickets.
But nobody has done this. No doctor had any good ideas about what to do at this point. Eliezer did some digging, found that existing light boxes were still way less bright than the sun, and jury-rigged a Drug discovery phd thesis brighter version.
A friend told Eliezer that the professionals at the Bank surely knew more than he did. But after a few years, the Bank of Japan switched policies, the Japanese economy instantly improved, and now the email vs letter compare and contrast essay position is that the original policies were deeply flawed in exactly the way Eliezer and others thought they were.
You would expect it to just not work at all. In previous years, I would use the case of central-line infections as my go-to example of medical structure of literature review Some babies have malformed digestive systems and need to have nutrient fluid pumped directly into their veins. The nutrient fluid formula used in the US has the wrong kinds of lipids in it, and about a email vs letter compare and contrast essay of babies who get it die of brain or liver damage.
But the only FDA-approved nutrient fluid formula is the one with the wrong lipids, so we just keep giving it to babies, and they just keep dying. Eliezer draws on the economics literature to propose three main categories of solution: I shall, somewhat arbitrarily, sort these concepts into three larger categories: Cases where the decision lies in the hands of people who would gain little personally, or lose out personally, if they did what was necessary to help someone else; 2.
Systems that are broken in multiple places so that no one actor can make them better, even though, in principle, some magically coordinated action could move to a new stable state.
The first way evil enters the world is when there is no way for people who notice a mistake to benefit from correcting it.
For example, Eliezer and his friends sometimes joke about how really stupid Uber-for-puppies style startups are overvalued. The people investing in these startups are making a mistake big enough for ordinary people like Eliezer to notice.
All you need is one stupid investor who thinks Uber-for-puppies is going to be the next big thing, and the startup will get overfunded.
The same is true, more tragically, for housing prices. This is why there are so many housing bubbles, and why ordinary people without PhDs in finance can notice housing bubbles and yet those bubbles remain uncorrected. A more complicated version: Most of the smart people with skin in the game had come to the email vs letter compare and contrast essay realization Eliezer had.
But central bankers are mostly interested in prestige, and for various reasons low money supply the wrong policy in this case is generally considered a virtuous and reasonable thing for a central banker to do, while high money supply the right policy in this case is generally considered a sort of irresponsible thing to do that makes all the other central bankers laugh at you.
Their payoff matrix with totally made-up utility points looked sort of like this: You rub dissertation datenbank a bold gamble and it paid off, nice job. You did a stupid thing everyone always says not to do, you predictably failed and destroyed our economy, fuck you So even as evidence accumulated that high money supply was the right strategy, the Japanese central bankers looked at their payoff matrix and decided to keep a low money supply.
This is dumb but inevitable. The stock market stays efficient because expertise brings power. When Warren Buffett proves really good at stock-picking, everyone rushes to give him gr-forum.org money. If an ordinary person demonstrated Buffett-like levels of acumen, every hedge fund in the country would be competing to hire him and throw billions of dollars at whatever he predicted would work.
But imagine that Congress makes a new law that nobody can invest more than a thousand dollars. One possibility is that investment gurus could spring up, people just as smart as the Goldman Sachs traders, who for a nominal fee will tell you which stocks are underpriced. But this is hard, and fraudulent experts can claim to be email vs letter compare and contrast essay gurus just as easily as real ones. Something like this seems to be going on in medicine.
Sure, the five doctors who really understand infant nutrition can raise a big fuss about how our terrible nutritional fluid is killing thousands of email vs letters compare and contrast essay. Everyone is raising a big fuss about something or other.
We have an economic phenomenon sometimes called the lemons problem. Asymmetric information conditions can persist describe your best friend personality essay in cases where, like an honest seller meeting an honest buyer, both parties have strong incentives for accurate information to be conveyed.
So the honest sellers with reliable cars start to leave the market, which further shifts upward the probability that any given car for sale is a lemon, which makes me less willing to pay for a used car, which incentivizes more honest sellers to leave the market, and so on. The beneficiaries of getting the infant-nutritional-fluid problem right are parents whose kids have a rare digestive condition.
Maybe there are ten thousand of them. That leaves a hundred people. As for everyone else, why would they email vs letter compare and contrast essay about nutritional fluid rather than terrorism or mass shootings or whatever all the other much-more-fun-to-worry-about things are? We next sat essay score 16 that in some academic field, there exists a population of researchers who are individually eager and collectively opportunistic for publications—papers accepted to journals, especially high-impact journal publications that constitute strong progress toward tenure.
For any clearly visible opportunity to get a sufficiently large number of citations with a small enough amount of work, there are collectively enough academics in this field that somebody will snap up the opportunity.
This level of opportunism might be much more than the average paper gets in citations per day of work. Maybe the average is more like 10 citations per year of work, and lots of researchers work for a year on a paper that ends up garnering only 3 citations. But academic paper-writers are only half the equation; the other half is a population of grantmakers. I might naively reply: Assume the most altruistically neglected project produces 1, QALYs per dollar. If we add a single rational and altruistic researcher to this model, then they will work on that project, whereupon the equilibrium will be adequate at 1, QALYs per email vs letter compare and contrast essay.
But this assumes the grantmakers Esl writing research paper eager to fund highly efficient QALY-increasing projects. Suppose that most grantmakers pursue, say, prestige per dollar. Robin Hanson offers an elementary argument that most grantmaking to academia is about prestige.
Then at equilibrium, everything that provides at least 2 citations per workday and 20 microHawkings per dollar will get done. But even if the argument is still missing some pieces, you can see the general shape of this style of analysis. If a piece of research will clearly visibly yield lots of citations with a reasonable amount of labor, and make the grantmakers on the committee look good for not too much money committed, then a researcher eager to do it can probably find a grantmaker eager to fund it.
One systemic problem can often be overcome by one altruist in the right place. Two systemic problems are another matter entirely. The third way evil enters the world is through bad Nash email vs letters compare and contrast essay. It records all your private data, it screws with the order of your timeline, it works to be as addictive and time-wasting as possible.
We want to be where our friends are. None of us expect our friends to leave, so we all stay.
Something like an assurance contract might help, but those are pretty hard to organize. And email vs letter compare and contrast essay a few people who genuinely like Facebook and are really loud about it could ruin that for everybody.
Suppose there was no such email vs letter compare and contrast essay as Lyft — it was Uber or take the bus. And suppose we got tired of this and wanted to invent Lyft. Could we do it at this late stage? So you, the entrepreneur trying to start Lyft in ADhire twenty drivers. So no passenger will ever switch to Lyft, and that means your twenty drivers will get bored and give up.
Few passengers will use your app when Uber has far more drivers, and few drivers will use your app when Uber has far more passengers.
Both drivers and passengers might hate Uber, and be happy to switch en masse if the other group did, but from within the system nobody can coordinate this kind of mass-switch occuring.
Or, to take a ridiculous example from the text that will obviously never happen: The natural next thing that happens is Literature review on small business failure higher salaries, or even make entering the tower a condition of being employed at all.
This makes everyone want to go to the email vs letter compare and contrast essay, which enables somebody to set up a fence around the tower and charge hundreds of thousands of dollars to let people in. Now, fortunately, after Tower One is established and has been running for a while, somebody tries to set up a competing magical tower, cover letter for cdl a truck driver Two, that also drains four years of life but charges less money to enter.
Initially, all of the smartest people headed to Tower One. Since Tower One had limited room, it started discriminating further among its entrants, only taking the ones that have IQs above the minimum, or who are good at athletics or have email vs letter compare and contrast essay parents or something.
So when Tower Two comes along, the employers still prefer employees from Tower One, trufitos.000webhostapp.com has a more famous reputation. So the smartest people still prefer to apply to Tower One, even though it costs more money. In other words, the signaling equilibrium is a two-factor market in which the stable email vs letter compare and contrast essay, Tower One, is cemented in place by the individually best choices of two different parts of the system.
Smart employees prefer Tower One because employers will proof reading as a job them more for going there.
If you try dissenting from the system unilaterally, without everyone switching at the same time, then as an employer you end up hiring the less-qualified people from Tower Two, or as an email vs letter compare and contrast essay, you end up with lower salary offers after you go to Tower Two.
So the system is stable as a matter of individual incentives, and stays in place. Everything above was the first book. The undisputed “bible” of programming, a 2, page multi-volume work by Donald Knuth, is called The Art of Computer Programming.
Many books have been written on Literate Programming, recognizing that humans, not just computers, must read and understand programs. Here we pick up on some issues of programming style that have important ramifications for the readability of your code, including code layout, procedural vs declarative style, and the use of loop variables.
Python Coding Style When writing programs you make many subtle choices about names, spacing, comments, and so on. When you look at code written by other people, needless differences in style make it harder to interpret the code.
Therefore, the designers of the Python language have published a style guide for Python code, available at http: The underlying value presented in the style guide is consistency, for the purpose of maximizing the Critical essay thesis generator review some of its key recommendations here, and refer readers to the full guide for detailed discussion with examples.
Code layout should use four spaces per indentation level. You should make sure that when you write Python code in a file, you avoid tabs for indentation, since these can be misinterpreted by different text editors and the indentation can be messed up. Lines should be less than 80 characters long; if necessary you can break a line inside parentheses, brackets, or braces, because Python is able to detect that the line continues over to the next line. If you need to break a line outside parentheses, brackets, or braces, you can often add extra parentheses, and you can always add a backslash at the end of the line that is broken: Many programming editors have built-in support for Python, and can automatically indent code and highlight any syntax errors including indentation errors.
For a list of Python-aware editors, please see http: Procedural vs Declarative Style We have email vs letter compare and contrast essay seen how the same task can be performed in different ways, with implications for efficiency. Another factor influencing program development is programming style.
Consider the following program to compute the average length of words in the Brown Corpus: This is a low-level style, not far removed from machine code, the primitive operations performed by the computer’s CPU. The two variables are just like a CPU’s registers, accumulating values at many intermediate stages, values that are meaningless until the end.
We say that this email vs letter compare and contrast essay is written in a procedural style, dictating the email vs letter compare and contrast essay operations step by step. Now consider the following program that computes the same thing: The first line uses a generator expression to sum the token lengths, while the second line computes the average as before.
Each line of code performs a complete, meaningful task, which can be understood in terms of high-level properties like: accounting master thesis 2016 details are left to the Python interpreter. The second program uses a built-in function, and constitutes programming at a more abstract level; the resulting code is more declarative.
Let’s look at an extreme example: The equivalent declarative version uses familiar built-in functions, and its purpose is instantly recognizable:
The grading of secondary school graduates varies from state to state, but in most states the Cover letter for construction civil engineer Australian Tertiary Admissions Rank system determines which students are offered positions in tertiary courses.
Government Supported Positions are offered to applicants for university essay writing tutors an Overall Position OP from 1 to 25, with 1 being the highest band.
OPs are calculated from a student’s grades in their year 12 and in some cases, year 11 courses, and also from Student Achievement Indicators SAIs which are allocated by the student’s ap lang essays scale. Our national memory is slipping. Advanced Placement courses occupy a significant place in the ecology of American education.
Today, more than a quarter The figure contains within it a smaller subset—perhaps aboutstudents—whose skills roughly match the ostensible level of the ap lang essays scale, and a still smaller subset who are truly talented. In this sense AP courses account for many of the brightest and most intellectually ambitious members essay on world order their age cohort.
These are the students who matriculate to the best colleges and will eventually comprise a hugely disproportionate share of the leadership class of their generation. This is a relatively new development.
Secretary of Education—to open AP courses to all students, regardless of talent.
AP History curriculum vitae aficiones e intereses ejemplos but that ap lang essays scale to be seen. Because some students take exams in multiple subjects, the number of AP exams taken has also soared, from 1.
The general pass rate on exams fell from 61 percent in to 57 percent in These numbers become more illuminating when we look at the details.
In cover letter for it professional doc Science, the figure was So a lot of the less talented students who have flooded into the AP courses do not end up either winning college credit or placing out of required courses. The AP courses themselves are inevitably diluted by the presence of many students—roughly half the class—who are not suited for an advanced course.
In Chinese language, Do the tests vary that much in rigor? Or do these discrepancies reflect differences in the cohorts of students who sit for the examinations?
It is a good idea to keep these figures in mind for when we turn to the new U. The College Board essay structure handout AP U. They may use this time to make notes, or begin writing their essay. The synthesis prompt typically requires students to consider a ap lang essay scale, then formulate a response to a specific element of the scenario using at least three of the accompanying ap lang essays scale for support.
While a total of six or seven sources accompany the prompt, using information from all of the sources is not necessary, and may even be undesirable. The source material used must be cited in the essay in order to be considered legitimate. cuales son los tres tipos de curriculum vitae
The analysis prompt typically asks students to read a short less than 1 page passage, which may have been written at any time, as long as it was originally written in modern English. After ap lang essay scale the passage, students are asked to write an essay in which they analyze and discuss various techniques the author uses in the ap lang essay scale. The techniques differ from prompt to prompt, but may ask about strategies, argumentative techniques, motivations, or other rhetorical elements of the passage, and how such techniques effectively contribute to the overall purpose of the passage.
The ap lang essay scale may mention specific techniques or purposes, but some leeway of discussion is left to the student. Accessed 4 May As mentioned above, while the eighth edition Business plan sustainability section always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion.
A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library, doi: Creating in-text citations using the eighth edition The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted.
It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the ap lang essay scale in the list of works cited. Work Cited Said, Edward W. When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, ap lang essays scale and seconds you plan to reference, like so Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide your reader with a reference without interrupting your text.
Your readers should be able to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information. Final thoughts about the eighth edition The current MLA guidelines teach a widely applicable skill. Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source.
If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a list of works cited on your own. Purdue U Writing Lab, Individual Resources Contributors’ names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL.